CCS for Energy from Waste: "We need to use every tool in the toolbox"

Jannicke Gerner Bjerkås, CCS director<br>at Fortum Olso Varme
Jannicke Gerner Bjerkås, CCS director
at Fortum Olso Varme
14.07.2021 − 

The Norwegian waste to energy (wte) plant operator Fortum Oslo Varme aims to capture CO2 at its plant in Oslo for long-term storage in the Northern Lights carbon capture and storage (CCS) facility. The public-private concern’s plans are ambitious: The waste incineration plant at Klemetsrud on the outskirts of Oslo would be the first in the world to achieve negative CO2 emissions. Perhaps that is one of the reasons the project made it onto the short list of candidates for financing from the new EU Innovation Fund. In recent weeks, Fortum submitted its full funding application for the second stage of evaluations to Brussels, and CCS director Jannicke Gerner Bjerkås took time to speak with EUWID about the project.

EUWID: CO2 capture and storage is still controversial in some European countries. Is the technology safe?

Bjerkås: Carbon capture is considered safe. It is an integral part of several industrial processes and has been commercially available for many decades. In Norway, Equinor has captured and stored CO2 from its offshore installations for more than 20 years in sub-sea rock formations without any reason for concern.

For the project at the Fortum Oslo Varme waste incineration plant at Klemetsrud, CO2 is to be captured from the flue gas of the waste incineration plant using a chemical process. The CO2 will then to be liquefied and transported to the Port of Oslo where the Northern Lights project will collect and transport it to a terminal on the west coast of Norway. From there, the CO2 will be injected into a subsea geological formation and permanently stored 2,600 metres below the seabed of the North Sea.


Is the use of the facility limited to emissions from Norwegian businesses, or could CO2 captured elsewhere in Europe also be stored in the Northern Lights facility, for example emissions from German waste incinerators or cement plants?

Both phases will offer flexibility to receive CO2 from European sources, in addition to the 800,000 tonnes of CO2 per year, which will come from the “Longship” transport project. This assumes that both the initial Norwegian capture projects are realised. This includes Fortum Oslo Varme and the Heidelberg cement project.


How important is CCS to the 1.5-degree target established under the Paris Agreement?

To reach the Paris agreement target, we need to use every tool in the toolbox, and carbon usage will definitively be one of them. Now there is a clear need to initiate and incentivise both usage and storage projects in Europe to get the CCUS industry up and running.

What are the costs involved in implementing CCS and how do they affect incineration gate fees for mixed municipal waste?


The full interview with Ms Bjerkås appears in the print and e-paper issues of EUWID Recycling & Waste Management (14/2021). Online subscribers can access the report immediately here:

E-Paper EUWID Recycling & Waste Management

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